Although it tells about the animal life (fable) which can be considered as a children’s literature, Animal Farm written by George Orwell contains satirical messages toward Europe’s political condition in the 19th and 20th century. The social class issue is represented by the differentiation of human and animal but it changes after the animal rules the farm. It is also depicted about how the excessive political power of a man (or animal in this story) leads the country into a destruction or dystopia. The animal works hard to abolish the social class between human and animal by conducting the rebellion. However, after the rebellion prevails, the social class is never abolished, because it creates another social class among the animals. Although the animals have a philosophy that “all animals are equal”, there is always existed two classes, the leisure class and the working class. Thus in this paper, I will discuss about the impossibility of equality among social classes and how the dominant class sustains it which is represented in this novel.
The problem of this novel firstly served by the vision of Old Major, the oldest boar and can be considered the leader among the animals, who sees the inequality between the animal and the human. He questions “what is the nature of this life of our?” (Orwell, 1945, p. 3) which signs the awareness of the animals about the life. After the awareness of the unfairness comes into being, the animals then realize their fate which is forced to work hard but at the end they are slaughtered. Because of that, the animals, particularly Old Major, blamed Mr. Jones, the human character and their farmer, for his treatment toward the animals. Thus, the animal named the human as their enemy. In this occasion, the animal creates a distinction of classes, which are the animal and the human. The animal feels they are the working class because they always work hard to serve human needs. This consciousness becomes the fuel of the rebellion of the animal.